Inheritance Tax (IHT)


Tax levied on property and money acquired by gift or inheritance

Inheritance Tax is a tax on the estate (the property, money and possessions) of someone who’s died.

There’s normally no Inheritance Tax to pay if the value of your estate

  • is below the £325,000 threshold
  • you leave everything to your spouse or civil partner, a charity or a community amateur sports club

If you’re married or in a civil partnership and your estate is worth less than £325,000, you can transfer any unused threshold to your partner when you die. This means their threshold can be as much as £650,000.

You can also benefit from the residence nil-rate band (RNRB) if you leave your residential property to direct descendants. The tax-free allowance, currently £125,000 will rise to £175,000 in 2020-21.  A couple will be able to use two allowances along with their existing nil-rate band of £325,000 allowance. This means they will eventually be able to pass a £1m property to their children without attracting Inheritance Tax.  Direct descendants include children, grandchildren, step-children, adopted and fostered children and their spouses or civil partners. 

Inheritance Tax is charged on your estate at 40%.

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